October 6, 2022

Primary Source Spotlight: U.S. Military Conscription (the Draft)

The Draft Riots of 1863 : A Historical Study Read at the Meeting of the Ohio Commandery Civil War draft riots Civil War induction officer with lottery box photograph Civil War Conscription Laws In Custodia Legis November 15, 2012 Freemen! Avoid Conscription! 1862 broadside Abraham's draft, 600,000 more 1862 sheet music Southern "volunteers" 1862 political cartoon The Conscription Bill speech of Hon. S.S. Cox, of Ohio delivered on February 26, 1863 Abraham Lincoln … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Bicycles

Free to Use and Reuse: Bicycles primary source set More bicycle images Bicycle & tricycle image set Cycling image set Bicycling maps Bicycling films Bicycle sheet music Uncle Josh on a bicycle song recording "Shall Women Ride the Bicycle?" Elizabeth Cady Stanton [Mrs. Larson's [bicycle] Story] oral history "A brilliant idea: a comedy sketch" 1897 satirical commentary on gender identity and the liberation felt and practiced by women of the 19th century Bicycle … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Disease

Select primary sources Anthony Fauci, MD, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health photograph Anti-malaria educational play put on by youngsters dealing with the treatment of the disease photograph Ayer's sarsaparilla, for all blood diseases, cures others, will cure you Cheap lodging-houses as nests of disease illustration Complete privy properly protected to prevent flies from spreading diseases photograph … [Read more...]

Today in History: Jefferson Davis Captured

Today in History–May 10–the Library of Congress features the capture of Confederate President Jefferson Davis by Union troops on this day in 1865. The capture thwarted Davis’ plan to escape by sea from the east coast of Florida and then to sail to Texas where he hoped to establish a new Confederacy. He was sent, along with his family, to Fort Monroe in Virginia. There he was placed in solitary confinement and indicted for treason but was never tried. Davis was released two years later, in May … [Read more...]

Learning from the Source: Pairing Pictures & Poems to Tell Stories

Students learn the power of pairing pictures with poems to tell stories about historical and contemporary issues. Display the paired primary sources (Image 1 | Image 2), showing only the images (i.e., cover up the text) and inform students that the poem accompanying these illustrations has been removed. Ask them to predict what the poem is about using details from the images to support their conclusions. Display the bibliographic records for the sources and ask students what new … [Read more...]

Integrating Technology: Beyond Words

The Beyond Words project invites people of all ages to identify cartoons, illustrations, photographs, and maps from World War I historical newspaper coverage found in the Chronicling America historic newspaper collections. All data generated will be in the public domain and available to anyone. The three tasks include marking, transcribing, and verifying. Mark: Locate images not contained in advertisements on newspaper pages. Transcribe: Type the titles, captions, and cutlines of pictures … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Gibson Girls

From the Library of Congress: An acclaimed master of pen-and-ink drawing, Charles Dana Gibson (1867–1944) came of age when the expansion of women's roles and increasing social mobility were changing America. After training at the Art Students League in New York City and in Europe, Gibson began to create satirical illustrations based on his observations of upper-middle-class life for such mainstream magazines as Life, Collier's Weekly, Harper's Weekly, Scribner's, and Century. In the 1890s he … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Fugitive Slave Law

Practical illustration of the Fugitive Slave Law Effects of the Fugitive-Slave-Law Triumph Fugitive slave law political cartoons Fugitive slave bill ... Approved, September 18, 1850. Millard Fillmore Things to be remembered. Remember that the Whig administration of Millard Fillmore enacted the Fugitive Slave bill, in violation of the constitution and all the legal safeguards of personal liberty Fugitive Slave Law, Senate Congressional Globe documents Fugitive Slave Law, … [Read more...]

Today in History: Lee Surrenders

Today in History–April 9–the Library of Congress features the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee to U.S. General Ulysses S. Grant on this day in 1865. Learn more about the surrender by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the links below to access thousands more Civil War resources. Lee's surrender primary source set "THE END! SURRENDER OF LEE!...", American Citizen, April 12, 1865 More 1865 historical newspaper coverage related to Lee's surrender Lee's … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: Sheet Music Collections & Teaching Resources

The Library of Congress has numerous collections of sheet music. America Singing: Nineteenth Century Song Sheets | Resources for Teachers Baseball Sheet Music | Teaching Resources Civil War Sheet Music Collection Early American Sheet Music Historic Sheet Music Collection, 1800-1922 Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, 1820 - 1860 | Teaching Resources Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, ca. 1870-1885 | Teaching Resources We'll Sing To Abe Our Song: Sheet … [Read more...]