October 4, 2022

Primary Source Spotlight: Freedmen’s Bureau

Freedmen's Bureau image set Freedmen's Bureau texts Freedmen's Bureau correspondence and other texts Freedmen's Bureau historical newspaper articles 1865-1872 Freedmen's Bureau Records Preservation Act of 2000 Freedmen’s Bureau, 1865–1872 online exhibition items African American Odyssey: Reconstruction online exhibition Freedmen's Bureau Records Smithsonian Freedmen's Bureau Transcription Project Smithsonian "The Freedmen's Bureau" by W.E.B. Du Bois The Atlantic … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: U.S. History by Time Period

The U.S. History Primary Source Timeline spans nearly 400 years, covering 9 time periods. Each time period includes an overview and several subsections and each of these, in turn, provide background information and a selection of curated primary sources. Colonial Settlement, 1600s - 1763 The American Revolution, 1763 - 1783 The New Nation, 1783 - 1815 National Expansion and Reform, 1815 - 1880 Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 Rise of Industrial America, 1876-1900 … [Read more...]

Guided Primary Source Analysis: First Post-War Legislature

Use the Library of Congress primary source analysis tool to analyze the image. What do you notice? What do you find surprising? What can you learn from the bibliographic record? Why do you suppose the men in the image were referred to as radical members? What questions do you have? Next, analyze the two sources below to learn what this legislature accomplished and what resistance there was to their work. Summarize what you learned and how your new understandings inform your analysis of the … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: Black American History & Heritage

Primary Source sets with teacher guides Baseball: Across a Divided Society Harlem Renaissance Jim Crow in America The NAACP: A Century in the Fight for Freedom Guided primary source analysis activities Afro-American Monument An airship with a “Jim Crow” trailer The Brownies’ Book Condition of the descendants of former African slaves The constitutional amendment Jesse Owens President Obama’s 2016 State of the Union Address Tree of Liberty Woman … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: Civil War

Civil War photograph lessons & activities Devil in the Details: Examining Visual Material from the Civil War The Mathew Brady Bunch New Technologies and New Uses Using Sources: Civil War Photography Technology & Tricks What Do You See? Civil War Photojournalism: A Record of War The Civil War Through a Child’s Eye Teaching Now: Integrating Literacy, History & Geography Teaching Now: Using Primary Sources with 21st-Century Learners Collection Connections … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: Slavery (U.S.)

Lesson plans & activities Collection Connections: Arts & Humanities, Critical Thinking & U.S. History teaching ideas Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1822-1909 Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860 Guided primary source analysis activities Afro-American Monument Slave market of America Synopsis of the Fugitive Slave Law Theory. Practice. … [Read more...]

Guided Primary Source Analysis: The Carpet-bagger

Read this brief description of carpetbaggers and scalawags from History.com. Next review this Encyclopedia of Virginia entry on Benjamin F. Butler, being sure to read at least the introductory paragraph as well as the first paragraph under the New Orleans header. Now look closely at the cover of this sheet music. Describe the perspective of carpetbaggers that you think this song takes and provide reasons for your conclusion. If possible, get someone to play the tune then closely read through … [Read more...]

Today in History: Fourteenth Amendment

Today in History–July 28–the Library of Congress features the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States. On this date in 1868, Secretary of State William Seward issued a proclamation certifying the ratification of the amendment. The 14th amendment granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States", including former slaves freed after the Civil War. Referred to as one of the "Reconstruction Amendments", this amendment also prohibits states … [Read more...]

Guided Primary Source Analysis: The Constitutional Amendment

What is the purpose of this poster? What emotions does this poster tap into? Use specific evidence from the source to support your responses. Who is the audience for this primary source? How do you know? What more do you learn from the source record? Do  you think this poster was effective with its target audience? Why or why not? Review the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, then conduct more research on your own. After, use what you learned in your analysis of this historical … [Read more...]

Today in History: Howard University

Today in History–November 20–the Library of Congress features Howard University, founded on this day in 1866. Originally established as a seminary for African-American clergymen, the founders soon broadened their mission to include liberal arts and medicine. The university was named for one of its founders, Major General Oliver O. Howard, a Civil War hero and commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more … [Read more...]