September 26, 2022

Primary Source Spotlight: U.S. Military Conscription (the Draft)

The Draft Riots of 1863 : A Historical Study Read at the Meeting of the Ohio Commandery Civil War draft riots Civil War induction officer with lottery box photograph Civil War Conscription Laws In Custodia Legis November 15, 2012 Freemen! Avoid Conscription! 1862 broadside Abraham's draft, 600,000 more 1862 sheet music Southern "volunteers" 1862 political cartoon The Conscription Bill speech of Hon. S.S. Cox, of Ohio delivered on February 26, 1863 Abraham Lincoln … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Chinese Exclusion Act

From the Library of Congress: The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was signed into law on May 6, 1882. Officially titled "An act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese," the Chinese Exclusion Act prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers for ten years. It was extended in 1892 for another ten years by the Geary Act and then made permanent in 1902. In 1943, at a time when the United States and China were allies during World War II, the ban on Chinese immigration and … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Korean War

The Korean War: Not Forgotten Stories from the Veterans History Project On the Line In Support In the Air Korean War veteran oral histories Korean War Propaganda Leaflet Collection 4 Corners of the World September 26, 2017  Picturing the Korean War Folklife Today July 28, 2015 Korean War memorial image sets Washington D.C. Springfield, IL Mankato, MN Atlantic City, NJ New York State Providence, RI Department of Defense "Freedom is Not Free" float, … [Read more...]

Analyzing Primary Sources: Tools & Guides

Primary sources, as described by the Library of Congress, "are the raw materials of history — original documents and objects that were created at the time under study. They are different from secondary sources, accounts that retell, analyze, or interpret events, usually at a distance of time or place. Bringing young people into close contact with these unique, often profoundly personal documents and objects can give them a sense of what it was like to be alive during a long-past era. Helping … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Black American History & Heritage

Primary source sets with teacher guides Baseball: Across a Changing Nation Civil War Images: Depictions of African Americans in the War Effort Harlem Renaissance Jim Crow in America The NAACP: A Century in the Fight for Freedom Rosa Parks Veterans' Stories: Struggles for Participation Story maps Educated and Enslaved: The Journey of Omar Ibn Said Freedom Susie King Taylor Curated resource sets - primary sources & secondary too Individuals … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: U.S. Electoral College

Background & context The Electoral College – What Is It and How Does It Function? In Custodia Legis November 6, 2012 Electoral College Fast Facts US House of Representatives History, Art & Archives The Electoral College National Archives The Electoral College National Conference of State Legislators Research Guide: The Law of the Electoral College Contemporary articles Congress and the Case of the Faithless Elector History November 17, 2020, US House of … [Read more...]

Today in History: Belva Lockwood

Today in History—November 30—the In Custodia Legis blog features lawyer Belva Lockwood, the became the first woman to argue before the U.S. Supreme Court on this day in 1880. In that case—Kaiser v. Stickney—she represented a local property owner in a debt dispute. Although Lockwood lost this case, she returned to the Supreme Court in 1906, at the age of 76, representing the Eastern and Emigrant Cherokees in the United States v. Cherokee Nation. This time her arguments prevailed and the Court … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: 1876 Contested Presidential Election

From America's Library On the night of the 1876 presidential election, Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes went to bed early. He assumed that he had lost the election to his opponent, Democrat Samuel J. Tilden. Tilden did win the popular vote that night, but the Republicans challenged the validity of the electoral votes from three states. (Under the Electoral College, each state chooses electors to vote for the president.) A candidate must win the electoral vote to become … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Disease

Select primary sources Anthony Fauci, MD, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health photograph Anti-malaria educational play put on by youngsters dealing with the treatment of the disease photograph Ayer's sarsaparilla, for all blood diseases, cures others, will cure you Cheap lodging-houses as nests of disease illustration Complete privy properly protected to prevent flies from spreading diseases photograph … [Read more...]