August 16, 2018

Today in History: Juneteenth

Today in History–June 19–TPS-Barat features Juneteenth. On this date in 1865, Major General Gordon Granger issued General Order No. 3 in Galveston, Texas, informing the slaves of the Emancipation Proclamation, issued two and a half years earlier by President Abraham Lincoln. Although Juneteenth was informally celebrated each year since 1865, it wasn't until June 3, 1979, that Texas became the first state to proclaim it an official state holiday. Today more than 40 officially recognize … [Read more...]

Today in History: Clara Barton & the Red Cross

Today in History–May 21–TPS-Barat features Clarissa "Clara" Barton, who founded the Red Cross on this date in 1881. A former teacher, Barton was working in the U.S. patent office at the start of the Civil War. Despite having little nursing training, Barton administered aid to soldiers at several battlefields,  After the war she established the Missing Soldier Office in Washington, D.C., led effort to establish a national cemetery at Andersonville Prison, and, in 1881, founded the American Red … [Read more...]

Today in History: Join or Die

Today in History–May 9–the Library of Congress features the first political cartoon published in the United States  on this day in 1754. The "Join or Die" cartoon, purportedly devised by Benjamin Franklin, provided commentary on the need for the colonies to join together against French and Native American aggression along the western frontier. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section and clicking the resources below.Join or Die political cartoon woodcutMasthead and part of … [Read more...]

Today in History: May Day

Today in History–May 1–the Library of Congress features May Day. Originally a celebration of spring, May Day later became a day to celebrate workers and is still celebrated as such in many countries around the world. Learn more about other May Day celebrations by reading the Today in History section, then click the links below to access related primary sources.May Day imagesMay Day books & textsMay Day historical U.S. newspaper coverageMay Day sheet musicBringing in the … [Read more...]

Today in History: Haiti

Today in History–January 2–the Library of Congress features Haiti. On this date in 1893 Frederick Douglass, who once served as U.S. minister to this caribbean country, delivered an address at the dedication of the Haitian Pavilion at the World’s Columbian Exposition. Learn more Douglass' speech and the country by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access related primary and secondary sources.Lecture on Haiti, Frederick Douglass, January 2, 1893Frederick … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: U.S. Constitution

Primary source lesson plans & activitiesAmerican Memory Timeline: Primary Source Excerpts and Discussion Questions Related to the Constitution The Constitution: Counter Revolution or National Salvation? The Constitution: Drafting a More Perfect Union The U.S. Constitution: Continuity and Change in the Governing of the United States Preamble to the Constitution Image Sequencing What was the purpose of the Preamble? Collection ConnectionsDocuments from the … [Read more...]

Today in History: Yugoslavia

Today in History–October 3–the Library of Congress features Yugoslavia, or the“Land of the South Slavs”, formed on this date in 1929. The kingdom included the regions of Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia. In the early 1990s, most of the countries had declared their independence; the last to become independent nations were Montenegro and Serbia in 2006. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access … [Read more...]

Today in History: Lawrence of Arabia

Today in History–May 19–TPS-Barat features Thomas Edward (T.E.) Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia, who died in England on this date in 1935. An archaeological scholar from Oxford, Lawrence enlisted in World War I and was sent to the middle east because of his familiarity with the region. One newspaper proclaimed him to be the liberator of Arabia but the story may be more complicated. Click the links below to discover more.Thomas Edward Lawrence imagesMeetings of British, Arab, … [Read more...]

Today in History: Billy the Kid

Today in History–April 28–the Library of Congress features Billy the Kid, who killed two guards while making his escape from a New Mexico jail on this date in 1881. But was he a folk villain or hero? Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the primary source trail to uncover more perspectives on this infamous Wild West character.Billy the Kid Escaped from Jail from America's LibraryYoung Gun Library of Congress blog April 20, 2015The Authentic Life of … [Read more...]

Today in History: Alfred Nobel Died

Today in History–December 10–TPS-Barat features Alfred Nobel, who died on this date in 1896. December 10 is the day that the Nobel prizes are awarded. Born in Sweden in 1833, Nobel was a technical whiz but also spoke several languages and wrote poetry and play scripts. The inventor of dynamite was also very interested in social issues. Learn more about Nobel and his legacy by reading this In Custodia Legis blog post–Alfred Nobel's Will: A Legal Document that Might Have Changed the World and a … [Read more...]