Today in History: Clara Barton & the Red Cross

Clara Barton

Today in History–May 21–TPS-Barat features Clarissa “Clara” Barton, who founded the Red Cross on this date in 1881. A former teacher, Barton was working in the U.S. patent office at the start of the Civil War. Despite having little nursing training, Barton administered aid to soldiers at several battlefields. After the war she established the Missing Soldier Office in Washington, D.C., led the effort to establish a national cemetery at Andersonville Prison, and, in 1881, founded the American Red Cross. Learn more about this tireless advocate for the nation’s soldiers and the American Red cross by investigating the primary sources and other resources linked to below.

Clara Barton

Clara Barton Papers

Clara Barton, Humanitarian 1918 book

Clara Barton National Historic Site brochure

Clara Barton–Clara Barton National Historic Site location map

Clara Barton image set

Senate resolution authorizing Clara Barton to continue searching for missing soldiers

Keeping Track of Soldiers: 1863 diary entry

Clara Barton, war lecture

The Women Who Went to the Field” poem by Clara Barton

Selected newspaper articles about Clara Barton

More Clara Barton historical newspaper coverage

Clara Barton brief bio

Library blog posts & articles

Crowdsourcing the Clara Barton Diaries? Let Miss Barton Come to Your Aid!

Clara Barton: “Angel of the Battlefield” Crowdsourcing campaign

Red Cross

Red Cross historical newspaper articles and advertisements

Red Cross image set

Red Cross films

Red Cross sheet music

Red Cross books and reports

U.S. legislation related to the Red Cross

Library blog posts

American Red Cross website archive September 14, 2001 to December 12, 2002

American Red Cross website