October 20, 2019

Presidential Spotlight: Benjamin Harrison

Term: 23rd President of the United States (1889–1893) Born: August 20, 1833, North Bend, Ohio Nickname: “Kid Gloves Harrison,” “Little Ben” Education: Miami University (Ohio), graduated 1852 Religion: Presbyterian Marriage: October 20, 1853, to Caroline Lavinia Scott (1832–1892) April 6, 1896, to Mary Scott Lord Dimmick (1858–1948) Children: Russell Benjamin (1854–1936), Mary Scott (1858–1930), Elizabeth (1897–1955) Career: Lawyer Political Party: Republican Died: March 13, 1901, … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: League of Nations

Topics in Chronicling America - League of Nations More League of Nations historical newspaper coverage League of Nations texts, including address transcripts 1916-1929 Speeches about the League of Nations audio recordings and transcripts The League of Nations: A Pictoral Survey 1925-28 League of Nations mentions in the Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection League of Nations sheet music World War I: A New World Order — Woodrow Wilson's First Draft of the League of Nations … [Read more...]

Today in History: Fourteenth Amendment

Today in History–July 28–the Library of Congress features the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States. On this date in 1868, Secretary of State William Seward issued a proclamation certifying the ratification of the amendment. The 14th amendment granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States", including former slaves freed after the Civil War. Referred to as one of the "Reconstruction Amendments", this amendment also prohibits states … [Read more...]

Today in History: Texas Annexation

Today in History–June 23–the Library of Congress features the vote for annexation of Texas by the United States on this date in 1845. Texas had tried for statehood back in 1836 after gaining independence from Mexico but the U.S. Congress was unwilling to admit another state that permitted slavery. But by December 29, 1845, Texas became the twenty-eighth state in the Union. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the links below to access more primary resources about the … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: Warren G. Harding

Ask students to deduce which man in the picture above is President Warren G. Harding, using specific details from the image to support their answer. Warren G. Harding 1921 presidential inauguration primary source set Warren G. Harding images President Harding and Calvin Coolidge film Warren G. Harding-Carrie Fulton Phillips correspondence "Wild to be loved": The Poetry of President Warren G. Harding From the Catbird Seat February 16, 2015 President Warren Harding’s Love … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: Abraham Lincoln

From America’s Library: Born: February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky Died: April 15, 1865, assassinated at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Known for leading the country through the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. His eloquence is evident in many speeches including his most famous one, the Gettysburg Address. His second inaugural address, which includes the phrase, "With malice toward none; with charity for all..." is inscribed on one wall of … [Read more...]

Today in History: Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Today in History–November 12–the Library of Congress features women's rights leader Elizabeth Cady Stanton, born on this date in 1815. The daughter of a judge, Stanton was devoted to her studies but her higher education aspirations were thwarted because of her gender. This experience helped inform her philosophy on individual rights. She later became a leader, together with Susan B. Anthony, of the woman suffrage movement and served as president of the National Woman Suffrage Association and its … [Read more...]

Today in History: Carl Schurz

Today in History–October 29–the Library of Congress features journalist and politician Carl Schurz. On this date in 1855, the recent German immigrant wrote his wife, Margarethe Meyer Schurz, about his hope for their future in America. Exactly five years later Schurz sent his wife another letter, this time from Abraham Lincoln’s presidential campaign trail. Schurz served as a U.S. senator and worked with several presidents, most notably as secretary of the interior under Rutherford B. Hayes. In … [Read more...]

Today in History: Japan

Today in History–July 29–the Library of Congress features the country of Japan. On this date in 1858, the United States and Japan signed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce (the Harris Treaty), which helped establish diplomatic ties between the two countries. Find out more about early U.S.-Japanese relations and Townsend Harris, the man who negotiated the treaty, by visiting the Today in History section. Then, follow the links below to access more resources and primary sources related to this … [Read more...]

Today in History: John C. Calhoun

Today in History–March 18–the Library of Congress features politician John C. Calhoun, born on this date in 1782. Calhoun served as a congressman, senator, secretary of war, secretary of state, and vice president of the United States but may be best known for his defense of slavery, particularly in relation to the Nullification Proclamation and the Compromise of 1850. Learn more about this states rights advocate from South Carolina by visiting the Today in History section and clicking the links … [Read more...]