November 30, 2020

Today in History: March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

Today in History–August 28–the Library of Congress features the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, held on this day in 1963. Around a quarter million people participated in this non-violent demonstration for civil rights seeking, among other things, equal access to public accommodations, decent housing, adequate and integrated education, the right to vote, and job training. The six primary organizers and organizations for the March were: James Farmer, National Director of the Congress of … [Read more...]

Timely Connections: Frederick Douglass & the Emancipation Memorial

Amid calls for removal of the Emancipation Memorial, also called the Freedmen’s Monument, in Washington D.C. and a replica of it in Boston, Washington Post reporter DaNeen L. Brown considers the statue and takes a look back at a speech made by Frederick Douglass at the D.C. unveiling ceremony on April 14, 1876. In the speech, Douglass recognizes the dichotomy of Lincoln's views on slavery while ultimately celebrating the proclamation. If Harriet Hosmer's design for the memorial—four … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: Civil Rights

Citizen U multidisciplinary civics lessons Civil Rights and Civic Action Dolores Huerta Building Coalitions to Affect Change Collaborating to Affect Change Inspiring Civic Responsibility Selma & Voting Rights: Standing Up for Equality Sit-In: How Four Friends Stood Up by Sitting Down Voice of Freedom: Fannie Lou Hamer More lessons  Baseball, Race Relations and Jackie Robinson Baseball, Race and Ethnicity: Rounding the Bases I Have a Dream Image … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: U.S. National Anthem & American Flag

Help students learn about the history and contemporary contexts of the U.S. national anthem and the American flag. Teaching resources The Star Spangled Banner (K-2) The Star Spangled Banner (grades 3-5) Stars, Stripes and Symbols of America: Comparing Our Flag, Past and Present (grades 1-2) Pledge of Allegiance Image Sequencing (grades 3-5) Direct students do some background research on the U.S. flag and the U.S. National anthem. Then instruct them to read at least one of … [Read more...]

Learning from the Source: Cesar Chavez & Good Citizenship

This activity is adapted from lessons in the Barat Education Foundation Our American Voice® program. This civics program for 4-8 graders features a spiral curriculum and emphasizes critical thinking, collaboration, and problem-solving skills as students learn the fundamentals of American democracy and work to create positive change in their communities. Overview Using Cesar Chavez as an example, students consider how good citizens contribute to their communities and work together to affect … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: Labor

Labor lesson plans & activities Chicago Anarchists & the Haymarket Affair Chicago Anarchists on Trial: collection connections Chicago Meatpackers & the Unions Dust Bowl Songs & Photographs Farm Workers - America from the Great Depression to World War II: Color Photographs from the FSA and OWI, 1939-45 The Grapes of Wrath: Voices from the Great Depression Inside an American Factory: collection connections Labor - America from the Great Depression to World … [Read more...]

Collection Spotlight: Civil Rights History Project

The Civil Rights History Project collection is a direct result of the 2009 Civil Rights History Project Act. This law mandated the Library of Congress and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) to conduct a survey of existing civil rights oral-history collections and enhance these collections by recording new interviews with people who contributed to the movement. This collection features new oral histories focused on the recollections of previously … [Read more...]

Primary Source Learning: Women’s Road to the Vote

Don't miss these great woman suffrage teaching resources using Library of Congress primary sources! Woman suffrage source set & teaching guide Lesson plans Around America to Win the Vote The Fight for Women’s Rights Learning from the Source: Tactics in the March to Suffrage Literature Links: Predicting & Inferring about Woman Suffrage Primary Source Investigation: Hazel Hunkins, Billings Suffragist Primary Source Investigation: Suffrage Suffragists and Their … [Read more...]

Today in History: Picketing for Suffrage

Today in History–August 28–the Library of Congress features the arrest of 10 suffragists for picketing the White House on this day in 1917. The protestors hoped to pressure President Woodrow Wilson to support the proposed "Anthony amendment" to the Constitution that would guarantee women the right to vote. He finally did that in January of 1918 and the long hard vote to suffrage was finally earned two years later on August 18, 1920 when the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified. Learn more about the … [Read more...]

Today in History: The “Bonus Army”

Today in History–July 28–the Library of Congress features the "Bonus Army" or "Bonus Expeditionary Forces (B.E.F.)", some 15-20,000 World War I veterans who  camped out in the nation's capital to request early payment of cash bonuses not payable to them until 1945. On July 28, 1932 the protestors were met by Major George S. Patton and federal troops—cavalry, machine-gunners, and infantry—under the direction of General Douglas MacArthur on President Herbert Hoover's orders. Riots broke out but … [Read more...]