July 24, 2017

Today in History: Cinco de Mayo

Today in History–May 5–the Library of Congress features Cinco de Mayo, celebrating May 5, 1862, when Mexican troops successfully defended the town of Puebla against French forces. In the spring of 1863, the city was recaptured by the French and a European was crowned Emperor of Mexico. Emperor Maximillian remained in power until 1867 when Napoleon III withdrew troops and abandoned Mexico. Today, Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico and is marked as a celebration of Mexican culture in … [Read more...]

Today in History: Battle of Antietam

Today in History–September 17–the Library of Congress features Battle of Antietam, fought on this day in 1862. The bloodiest battle in the Civil War—more than 23,000 killed, wounded or missing in action--was fought in the hills of Sharpsburg, Maryland. Although the Confederates occupied the town of Sharpsburg at nightfall,  the battle was a Union victory. Find out more about Union General George B. McClellan's victory over Confederate General Robert E. Lee by visiting the Today in … [Read more...]

Today in History: Rock of Chickamauga

Today in History–July 31–the Library of Congress features Civil War General George H. Thomas, born on this date in 1816. Although he was born in Virginia, Thomas allied with the Union in the Civil War. Thomas' 1863 defense of Chickamauga Creek in northwestern Georgia led to the moniker the "Rock of Chickamauga". The following year he played a key role in the siege of Atlanta under Union General William T. Sherman. Learn more about this West Point military man by visiting … [Read more...]

Today in History: Battle of Cold Harbor

Today in History–June 3–the Library of Congress features the second Battle of Cold Harbor, begun on this day in 1864. The bloody battle ensued when Union General Ulysses S. Grant encountered Confederate troops in Virginia as he made his way to Richmond. Approximately 7,000 Union troops perished and Confederate forces suffered around 1,500 casualties in the nine-day fight. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access primary sources related to both … [Read more...]

Today in History: Grant’s Army Attacks Confederate Lines at Petersburg

Today in History–April 2–the Library of Congress features the attack of Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia on this day in 1865. Led by U.S. General Ulysses S. Grant, the battle lasted less than a day and helped hasten the capture of Richmond about a month later. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more primary sources about Petersburg, Virginia and the Civil War. Grant Attacked Petersburg, Virginia from America's … [Read more...]

Today in History: George Dewey

Today in History–December 26–the Library of Congress features Commodore George Dewey, born on this day in 1837. Dewey was the Pacific naval commander when the U.S. declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. Less than a week later he became a national hero following the decisive and swift 6-hour destruction of the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay. Learn more about George Dewey by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access primary sources related to this … [Read more...]

Featured Source: Admiral Farragut Enters Mobile Bay

Zoom into this map (online | .pdf) and use the primary source analysis tool (digital | paper) to analyze this source. Read "Damn the Torpedoes!" from the New York Times Disunion series, then take another look at this map. Explain new insights into this map that you gained. Analyze another primary source related to the 1864 Battle of Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay. Explain new insights that you now have into this military event. What other observations, reflections or questions does this … [Read more...]

Today in History: Union Captures Fort Morgan

Today in History–August 23–the Library of Congress features the capture of Fort Morgan, Alabama by the Union navy on this day in 1864. Earlier in the month (August 5), when Admiral David Farragut was warned of mines (referred to as torpedos) in Mobile Bay, he reportedly replied, "Damn the torpedos!" and ordered the ship to continue its course. Although the flagship Hartford scraped the mines, none exploded and the rest of the Union fleet was able to follow. The capture of Fort Morgan enabled the … [Read more...]

Today in History: John Parker & the Minutemen

Today in History–July 13–the Library of Congress features minuteman John Parker, born in Lexington, Massachusetts on this day in 1729. Find out more about the first shots in the U.S. war for independence and those who fought by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more primary sources and learning resources. Statue of Captain Parker, on the green at Lexington, Mass. Captain Parker minute men historical newspaper coverage Minutemen primary source … [Read more...]

Featured Image: Battle of the Sewing Machines

[Read more...]