September 18, 2021

Today in History: September Posts

September 1 September 2 1773: Phillis Wheatley 1864: Fall of Atlanta 1885: Rock Springs Massacre 1935: George Gershwin & Gullah Culture September 3 September 4 1838: Frederick Douglass 1856: Louis H. Sullivan 1781: El Pueblo de la Reyna de Los Angeles 1846: Daniel Burnham September 5 September 6 1847: Jesse James 1882: First Labor Day 1860: Jane Addams & Hull House 1901: William … [Read more...]

Today in History: August Posts

August 1 August 2 1876: Colorado 1924: James Baldwin August 3 August 4 1492: Christopher Columbus 1753: George Washington, Master Mason August 5 August 6 1775: San Francisco, California 1858: Holmes Reaches Pikes Peak 1890: Cy Young August 7 August 8 1742: Nathanael Greene 1896: Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings August 9 August 10 1814: Andrew Jackson … [Read more...]

Today in History: July Posts

July 1 July 2 1847: Postage Stamps 1898: The Rough Riders 1881: James A. Garfield July 3 July 4 1863: Battle of Gettysburg 1878: George M. Cohan 1776: Independence Day July 5 July 6 1810: P.T. Barnum & Circuses 1865: Salvation Army 1957: Althea Gibson & Tennis July 7 July 8 1906: Satchel Paige 1978: Solomon Islands 1932: Great Depression July 9 July … [Read more...]

Today in History: June Posts

June 1 June 2 1899: New York City's Finest 1921: Tulsa Race Massacre 1866: Grover Cleveland 1924: Indian Citizenship Act June 3 June 4 1864: Battle of Cold Harbor 1880: Bell's Photophone 1754: Fort Necessity & the French and Indian War 1919 Congress Approves 19th Amendment 1968: The Gish Sisters June 5 June 6 1851: Uncle Tom's Cabin 1756: John Trumbull 1944: D-Day June 7 June … [Read more...]

Today in History: Belva Lockwood

Today in History—November 30—the In Custodia Legis blog features lawyer Belva Lockwood, the became the first woman to argue before the U.S. Supreme Court on this day in 1880. In that case—Kaiser v. Stickney—she represented a local property owner in a debt dispute. Although Lockwood lost this case, she returned to the Supreme Court in 1906, at the age of 76, representing the Eastern and Emigrant Cherokees in the United States v. Cherokee Nation. This time her arguments prevailed and the Court … [Read more...]

Today in History: March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

Today in History–August 28–the Library of Congress features the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, held on this day in 1963. Around a quarter million people participated in this non-violent demonstration for civil rights seeking, among other things, equal access to public accommodations, decent housing, adequate and integrated education, the right to vote, and job training. The six primary organizers and organizations for the March were: James Farmer, National Director of the Congress of … [Read more...]

Today in History: Plymouth Colony

Today in History–October 4–the Library of Congress features Plymouth Colony. On October 4, 1636, the General Court of Plymouth Colony instituted a legal code that guaranteed citizens a trial by jury and laws made with the consent of freemen. Discover more by reviewing the Today in History section, then click the links below to access stories and primary sources. The Treaty That Saved Plymouth Colony The Murder of Penowanyanquis and the Trial of Arthur Peach, Plymouth, 1638 Plymouth … [Read more...]

Today In History: Toni Morrison

Today in History–August 5–the Primary Source Nexus features Toni Morrison, who died at the age of 88 on this date in 2019. Her novel Beloved won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1988 and Morrison was awarded the 1993 Nobel Prize in literature for “novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, [giving] life to an essential aspect of American reality.” In 2000, the Library of Congress named her a Living Legend; in 2011, it awarded her the Library of Congress National Book Festival … [Read more...]

Today in History: Jefferson Davis Captured

Today in History–May 10–the Library of Congress features the capture of Confederate President Jefferson Davis by Union troops on this day in 1865. The capture thwarted Davis’ plan to escape by sea from the east coast of Florida and then to sail to Texas where he hoped to establish a new Confederacy. He was sent, along with his family, to Fort Monroe in Virginia. There he was placed in solitary confinement and indicted for treason but was never tried. Davis was released two years later, in May … [Read more...]

Today in History: County and State Fairs

Today in History–August 22–the Library of Congress features county and state fairs, many of which are held around this date. County and state fairs feature entertainment as well as showcase the agricultural industry and rural lifestyles. Learn more by reviewing the Today in History section, then click the links below to access primary sources & more. County and State Fairs from America's Library County fair images A rube couple at a county fair 1904 film County fair audio … [Read more...]