October 6, 2022

Today In History: India Independence

Today in History–August 15–the British formally recognized India's independence and India and Pakistan were divided into separate territories. The partition left many on the wrong side of the border and terrible violence with mass casualties ensued. Click the links below to learn more. India independence 1947 U.S. historical newspaper coverage Modern-day U.S. legislation commemorating Indian independence India independence mentions in India: A Country Study 1947 U.S. historical … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Emmeline Pankhurst

From the Library of Congress: Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928) was the unchallenged leader of the direct action wing of the British suffrage movement. She had, followers claimed, "invented most of the ingenious and daring devices of the "Militant Suffragette' which have stirred up so much discussion throughout the civilized world." Primary sources Emmeline Pankhurst image set Emmeline Pankhurst news clippings and other texts More Emmeline Pankhurst texts Emmeline Pankhurst U.S. … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Second Amendment & Gun Control

Bill of Rights Political cartoons Solution to Nothing Herb Block March 2, 1954 Sportsmen! Kids! Maniacs! Herb Block November 27, 1963 (source record) You Don’t Even Need to Limit Yourself to a Few People Herb Block December 29, 1964 (source record) Don’t Point That Thing at Me! Herb Block March 10, 1965 (source record) It's like the gun lobby guys say -- Laws interfere wit' us sportsmen Herb Block June 6, 1965 (scroll page to locate | source record) Shucks, It Was Just One … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: Great Britain & the United Kingdom

Great Britain—England, Scotland, and Wales—was established in 1707. Around a century later, together Great Britain and Ireland formed the United Kingdom though, today, only Northern Ireland remains part of the UK. The Library of Congress uses Great Britain in both descriptive and subject cataloging as the conventional form for the United Kingdom. Learning about Great Britain can help students better understand the foundations of U.S. culture and government. Great Britain John Bull and … [Read more...]

Today in History: War of 1812

Today in History–June 18–the Library of Congress features the War of 1812. On this date in 1812 President James Madison signed a declaration of war against Great Britain. Reasons for the war included frustration with Britain's maritime practices and their support of Native American resistance to western expansion as well as a desire to conquer Canada. The war lingered on past 1812 and in August, 1814, British forces attacked Washington D.C., setting fire to many government buildings … [Read more...]

Today in History: Fort Necessity & the French and Indian War

Today in History–June 4–the Library of Congress features Fort Necessity near Uniontown, Pennsylvania. On this date in 1754, the young Colonel George Washington and his troops were hard at work constructing the makeshift stronghold to protect themselves from French aggression. Less than a month later, however, Washington and his troops were surrounded and forced to surrender to French troops on July 3, 1754. This military action marked the beginning of the French and Indian War, during … [Read more...]

Today in History: Preliminary Articles of Peace Ratified

Today in History–April 15–the Library of Congress features the Continental Congress ratification of the preliminary articles of peace  with Great Britain on this date in 1783. Negotiations to conclude the Revolutionary War had begun a year earlier. "International intrigue and intense negotiation preceded the formulation of these preliminary articles." The final, formal treaty was signed on September 3, 1783 and guaranteed U.S. independence as well as awarding the territory between the 13 … [Read more...]

Today in History: Lusitania Lost

Today in History–May 7–the Library of Congress features the British ocean liner Lusitania, sunk by a German submarine on this day in 1915.  Public outrage at the sinking of the civilian ship—though it was also carrying ammunition manufactured in the U.S.—was tremendous and helped to hasten U.S. entry into World War I. Learn more about this tragic day in world history by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access related primary sources. Topics in Chronicling … [Read more...]

Today in History: James Madison

Today in History–March 16–the Library of Congress features James Madison, born on this day in 1751. (Actually, he was born on March 5 under the Julian calendar but when Great Britain and its colonies switched to the Gregorian calendar in 1752 his birthday, along with everyone else's, was shifted 11 days forward.) Learn more about the man known as the "Father of the Constitution" by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more stories and primary sources about … [Read more...]

Today in History: Paris Peace Conference

Today in History–January 18–the Library of Congress features the Paris Peace Conference, begun on this day in 1919. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Premier Georges Clemenceau, and Italian Premier Vittorio Orlando—became known as the big four for their role in settling issues stemming from World War I. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section and the clicking the links to related resources below. Paris Peace Conference from America's … [Read more...]