July 21, 2017

Today in History: Preliminary Articles of Peace Ratified

Today in History–April 15–the Library of Congress features the Continental Congress ratification of the preliminary articles of peace  with Great Britain on this date in 1783. Negotiations to conclude the Revolutionary War had begun a year earlier. "International intrigue and intense negotiation preceded the formulation of these preliminary articles." The final, formal treaty was signed on September 3, 1783 and guaranteed U.S. independence as well as awarding the territory between the 13 … [Read more...]

Today in History: Washington’s Continental Congress Correspondence

Today in History–March 24–the Library of Congress features a letter George Washington wrote to the Continental Congress on this date in 1776, one week after British troops evacuated Boston but remained nearby. In the letter General Washington expressed his surprise and disappointment at the situation and went on to describe the exploits of the British in the area. During the Revolution, Washington maintained frequent correspondence with Congress. Learn more by visiting the Today in … [Read more...]

Today in History: The Library Company of Philadelphia

Today in History–November 14–the Library of Congress features the Library Company of Philadelphia, which signed a contract with its first librarian on this date in 1732. The subscription library was actually founded in November 1731 by Benjamin Franklin and friends but they had to wait until books arrived from England. The Library Company's holdings were later made available to the first Continental Congress when it convened in September 1774 and became, in effect, the de facto Library of … [Read more...]

Today in History: 1783 Treaty of Paris

Today in History–January 14–the Library of Congress features the Treaty of Paris, ratified by the Continental Congress on this day in 1784, nine months after the preliminary articles of peace were approved and over four months after the actual treaty was signed in Paris. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access related primary sources. You might also want to take a look at this Revolutionary War primary source set. Preliminary articles of … [Read more...]

Today in History: George Washington’s First Inaugural Address

Today in History–April 30–the Library of Congress features George Washington, who delivered his first inaugural address on this date in 1789 to a joint session of Congress, assembled in Federal Hall in the nation's new capital, New York City. Learn more about our nation’s first president (1789-97) by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more stories and primary sources about Washington and his inaugurations. Pre-inaugural speech to the citizens of … [Read more...]

Today in History: The Call for Independence

Today in History–April 12–the Library of Congress features the first call for American independence, made by North Carolina on this day in 1776. Referred to as the "Halifax Resolves", the document listed grievance against Great Britain and encouraged the Continental Congress to push for sovereignty. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the links below to access more related resources. Declaration of Independence texts Declaration of Independence from the … [Read more...]

Today in History: George Washington

Today in History–February 22–the Library of Congress features George Washington, born on this day in 1732. Find out more about the Library of Congress resources related to our first president by reviewing the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more stories and primary sources about this founding father, then check out the many links below. About George Washington In Celebration of the Father of our Country Inside Adams February 17, 2012 George Washington … [Read more...]

Today in History: Benjamin Franklin

Today in History–January 17–the Library of Congress features innovative leader Benjamin Franklin, born on this date in 1706. Learn more about this fascinating self-educated man who was a printer, writer, scientist, and statesman by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more resources about Ben Franklin. Ben Franklin stories from America's Library Ben Franklin biographical essay Benjamin Franklin: In His Own Words (online exhibition) Benjamin … [Read more...]

Today in History: George Washington Dies

Today in History–December 14–the Library of Congress features George Washington, who died on this date in 1799 at his Mount Vernon home. Learn more about our nation’s first president (1789-97) by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more stories and primary sources about this founding father. George Washington Died at His Mount Vernon Home December 14, 1799 from America's Library Life of George Washington The Christian death 1853 painting Proposals … [Read more...]

Today in History: Establishing U.S. Troops

Today in History–September 29–the Library of Congress features the official establishment of the U.S. military by Congress on this day in 1789. The act, spurred on by President George Washington, legalized the existing U.S. Army, a small force inherited from the Continental Congress that had been created under the Articles of Confederation. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access troop-related primary sources. Images of troops Newspaper … [Read more...]