April 25, 2018

Today in History: Hoover Dam

Today in History–December 21–the Library of Congress features the Hoover Dam, which got its start when President Calvin Coolidge signed the Boulder Canyon Project Act on this date in 1928. Originally known as the Boulder Dam, this wonder of civil engineering distributes water from the Colorado River for use in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. Learn more by reading the Today in History section, then click the links below for related primary sources. The … [Read more...]

Today in History: José Manuel Gallegos

Today in History–October 30–the Library of Congress features New Mexican José Manuel Gallegos, born this date in 1815 in the town of Abiquiú. When Nuevo México became the U.S. Territory of New Mexico in 1848, Gallegos was elected to its first Territorial Council. He was then elected as a delegate to the U.S. Congress from the Territory of New Mexico in 1853 and went on to hold a number of political posts: representative and speaker of the House of the New Mexico Territorial House of … [Read more...]

Today in History: New Mexico

Today in History–September 21–the Library of Congress features New Mexico. On this day in 1595, Don Juan de Oñate's petition and contract for the conquest of New Mexico was presented to Luís de Velasco, the viceroy of Nueva Vizcaya. The petition was ultimately granted and Oñate's expedition set out in 1598. A brutal leader, Oñate was later stripped of his position, fined, and banned in perpetuity from New Mexico. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the links below … [Read more...]

Today in History: County & State Fairs

Today in History–August 22–the Library of Congress features county and state fairs, many of which are held in late summer and early fall. The earliest fairs, such as the great Aztec fair that Spanish conquistadors found on the present-day site of Mexico City, provided opportunities for people to demonstrate their skills and crafts, exchange ideas, and barter for goods. Today, they provide these same opportunities as well as pure entertainment. Find out more by visiting … [Read more...]

Today in History: The Gadsden Purchase

Today in History–December 30–the Library of Congress features the Gadsden Purchase (treaty), signed on this day in 1853. U.S. Secretary of War Jefferson Davis influenced President Franklin Pierce to send U.S. Minister James Gadsden to negotiate the treaty in order to obtain land for construction of a southern transcontinental railroad. Under the treaty, the United States paid Mexico $10 million for land in what is now southern New Mexico and Arizona. Learn more by visiting … [Read more...]