Primary Source Spotlight: Enemy Aliens & Internment During the World Wars

Showing them up

World War I

Historical newspaper coverage

Political cartoons


United States Department of Justice reports

Other sources

World War II

Primary Source Spotlight: Japanese-American Internment includes secondary sources & teaching resources

How America Treats Axis Prisoners of War in Concentration Camps throughout U.S. The Midland Journal. (Rising Sun, Md.), 08 Oct. 1943

Prisoners of War in United States—How They Live The Midland Journal. (Rising Sun, Md.), 16 June 1944

Prisoners of war as laborers (2 articles) The Midland Journal. (Rising Sun, Md.), 25 May 1945

Enemy alien historical newspaper coverage

Historical newspaper coverage of Crystal City, TX internment camp

S.Res.118 – A resolution supporting the goals of the Japanese American, German American, and Italian American communities in recognizing a National Day of Remembrance to increase public awareness of the events surrounding the restriction, exclusion, and internment of individuals and families during World War II 108th Congress (2003-2004)

Japanese, German, and Italian American Enemy Alien Internment Texas Historical Commission

The Train to Crystal City: FDR’s Secret Prisoner Exchange Program and America’s Only Family Internment Camp During World War II author webcast

Camp Algona POW Museum

Crystal City Internment Camp National Register of Historic Places

World War II Internment and Detention Facilities Overview and Map German American Internee Coalition

5 Surprises About American Internment During World War II Business Insider Jan. 21, 2015