July 22, 2017

Featured Source: When Women are Jurors

Zoom into a more detailed image of this illustration. Study carefully the expressions--both facial and body--of each woman in this illustration. Use one adjective and one verb to describe each woman based on your analysis of their expressions. The full title of this illustration is "Studies in expression. When women are jurors." This 1902 illustration provided a social commentary on women acting as jurors in U.S. courtrooms. What do you think was the attitude of the illustrator towards women … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Gibson Girls

From the Library of Congress: An acclaimed master of pen-and-ink drawing, Charles Dana Gibson (1867–1944) came of age when the expansion of women's roles and increasing social mobility were changing America. After training at the Art Students League in New York City and in Europe, Gibson began to create satirical illustrations based on his observations of upper-middle-class life for such mainstream magazines as Life, Collier's Weekly, Harper's Weekly, Scribner's, and Century. In the 1890s he … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Buffalo Bill Cody

Stories from America's Library Buffalo Bill Cody brief bio Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show Buffalo Hunting with the Duke Little Sure Shot and the Gang Nebraskaland Days: Buffalo Bill Rodeo Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show American Treasures Buffalo Bill image set Buffalo Bill films Bucking broncho 1894 Buffalo dance 1894 Sioux ghost dance 1894 Buffalo Bill--peaux rouges/redskins 1896 Buffalo Bill's wild west parade 1902 Buffalo Bill's Sentiments on the Cuban … [Read more...]

Featured Source: Grandma’s Toilet

The title of this print is "Grandma's Toilet". Zoom into this artwork and use details from the image to figure out what toilet meant in this time (1893) and context. After, look up different definitions of toilet. What can you infer, or figure out, about the relationship between the young girl and the older woman? Use details from the image to support your inferences or ideas. Using your learnings from the previous two activities to guide you, create a similar modern-day image with an … [Read more...]

Featured Source: Chinese Citizenship in Hawaii

This 1906 newspaper article quotes a 1904 magazine editorial, which sums up the "widely prevailing sentiment against the Chinese immigrant laborer in the United States." Make a list of the arguments for the "defense of our political antagonism to the Chinaman". The first page of the newspaper article responds to three arguments. Choose one and summarize the comparisons and contrasts the journalist highlights between the Chinese immigrant experience in mainland America and Hawaii. Now read … [Read more...]

Featured Source: Origin of April Fool’s Day

For elementary & middle school students Read this newspaper article, then make a list of the countries mentioned that celebrate April Fool's Day and information about how they celebrate the day. Explain which story you found funniest or most interesting. Create an April Fool's Day poem using information from the article and your own experiences. For elementary & middle school students Read this newspaper article, then make a list of the countries mentioned that celebrate … [Read more...]

Featured Source: El Mosquito Americano

Look closely at the illustration. What can you determine about this broadside from the art? What more do you learn from the summary of this primary source? Do you think the illustration supports the summary? Why or why not? Look at both the front and back of this broadside. How does each stanza end? Why do you think the creator might have chosen this pattern? Do you think this broadside literally refers to an insect invasion the United States? Why or why not? Learn more. What other … [Read more...]

Today in History: American Federation of Labor & Quarry Workers

Today in History–September 08–the Library of Congress features the Quarry Workers’ International Union of North America, which was granted a charter by the American Federation of Labor (AFL) on this date in 1903. While granite had been mined around the area of Barre, Vermont for years, new waves of immigrants with a strong tradition of unionism arrived in the late 19th century. Find out more about quarries, the life of the miners in Vermont and elsewhere, and the AFL by visiting … [Read more...]

Today in History: Louis H. Sullivan

Today in History–September 3–the Library of Congress features architect Louis H. Sullivan, born on this day in 1856 in Boston, Massachusetts. Sullivan moved to Chicago early in his career in 1873. After the great Chicago fire of 1871 there was much work to do and Sullivan became a pioneer in the design of skyscrapers known for his core philosophy that "form ever follows function". Learn more about this prolific architect who inspired generations of others by visiting … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: Benjamin Harrison

Term: 23rd President of the United States (1889–1893) Born: August 20, 1833, North Bend, Ohio Nickname: “Kid Gloves Harrison,” “Little Ben” Education: Miami University (Ohio), graduated 1852 Religion: Presbyterian Marriage: October 20, 1853, to Caroline Lavinia Scott (1832–1892) April 6, 1896, to Mary Scott Lord Dimmick (1858–1948) Children: Russell Benjamin (1854–1936), Mary Scott (1858–1930), Elizabeth (1897–1955) Career: Lawyer Political Party: Republican Died: March 13, 1901, … [Read more...]