March 23, 2017

Today in History: Preliminary Articles of Peace Ratified

Today in History–April 15–the Library of Congress features the Continental Congress ratification of the preliminary articles of peace  with Great Britain on this date in 1783. Negotiations to conclude the Revolutionary War had begun a year earlier. "International intrigue and intense negotiation preceded the formulation of these preliminary articles." The final, formal treaty was signed on September 3, 1783 and guaranteed U.S. independence as well as awarding the territory between the 13 … [Read more...]

Today in History: Franco-American Alliance

Today in History–February 6–the Library of Congress features the Franco-American alliance, solidified  on this date in 1778 when France and the United States signed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance. The former recognized the United States as an independent nation and promoted trade between the two countries and the latter created a military alliance against Great Britain so long as America remained independent. Learn more by visting the Today in History section, then … [Read more...]

Today in History: John Jay

Today in History–December 12–the Library of Congress features founding father John Jay, born on this day in 1745. Jay had a long, full political career including president of the Continental Congress, author of several Federalist Papers, and first Supreme Court Justice of the United States. Learn more about John Jay by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access related primary sources. John Jay correspondence John Jay books & articles John Jay image … [Read more...]

Today in History: Alaska Purchase

Today in History–March 30–the Library of Congress features the United States purchase of Alaska from Russia, which Secretary of State William Seward agreed to on this day in 1867. Opponents of the $7.2 million purchase called it "Seward's Folly" but opinions changed following the discovery of gold and, later, oil. Learn more by reviewing the Today in History section, then clicking the links below. Meeting of Frontiers: Alaska - The Alaska Purchase Alaska Purchase lesson plan A selection … [Read more...]

Today in History: Mexican-American War

Today in History–February 23–the Library of Congress features the Mexican American War. On this day in 1847 U.S. General Zachary Taylor was victorious over Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna in the Battle of Buena Vista. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to discover more about this war between the U.S. and its southern neighbor. Expanding the nation & the war with Mexico from America's Library Congressional declaration of war on … [Read more...]

Today in History: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Today in History–February 2–the Library of Congress features the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on this day in 1848. The treaty ended the United States' war with Mexico and extended the U.S. western boundary to the Pacific ocean. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to discover more about this war between the U.S. and its southern neighbor. Check out the treaties section of Congress.gov to access modern-day treaties between the United Stated and … [Read more...]

Today in History: The Gadsden Purchase

Today in History–December 30–the Library of Congress features the Gadsden Purchase (treaty), signed on this day in 1853. U.S. Secretary of War Jefferson Davis influenced President Franklin Pierce to send U.S. Minister James Gadsden to negotiate the treaty in order to obtain land for construction of a southern transcontinental railroad. Under the treaty, the United States paid Mexico $10 million for land in what is now southern New Mexico and Arizona. Learn more by visiting … [Read more...]

Today in History: Woodrow Wilson

Today in History–December 28–the Library of Congress features Woodrow Wilson, born on this date in 1856. Learn more about our nation’s 28th president (1913-21) and Nobel peace prize winner by visiting the Today in History section then click the links below to access more stories and primary sources about President Wilson. Woodrow Wilson books & articles Woodrow Wilson manuscripts Woodrow Wilson speeches (audio) Woodrow Wilson sheet music Woodrow Wilson films Woodrow Wilson … [Read more...]

Today in History: Louisiana Purchase Treaty

Today in History–October 20–the Library of Congress features the Louisiana Purchase Treaty, ratified by the Senate on this day in 1803. For many fascinating facts about this key purchase, visit the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more primary sources about the Louisiana Purchase. Thomas Jefferson: The West online exhibition Senate Ratified the Louisiana Purchase Treaty October 20, 1803 from America's Library Jefferson's Annual Message to Congress October … [Read more...]

Today in History: Chief John Ross & the Cherokee Nation

Today in History–October 3–the Library of Congress features Cherokee Chief John Ross, born on this day in 1790. Ross fought hard in Washington to preserve the Cherokee land but was ultimately unsuccessful. Learn more about his efforts by reviewing the Today in History section then click the links below to access more primary resources and stories related to the Cherokee. Chief Little John and the "Trail of Tears" from America's Library From Horseshoe Bend to the Trail of Tears Chief … [Read more...]