September 24, 2017

Today in History: General John J. Pershing

Today in History–July 15–the Library of Congress features General John J. Pershing, who died on this date in 1948. Pershing received a hero's burial at Arlington National Cemetery, a fitting tribute to the only military leader since George Washington to earn the title General of the Armies of the United States. Find out more about this officer who led troops from the cavalry to World War I by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more primary sources related … [Read more...]

Today in History: The Rough Riders

Today in History–July 1–the Library of Congress features the rough riders. On this day in 1898 these voluntary cavalrymen, led by Theodore Roosevelt, helped to secure a U.S. victory in the Battle of Santiago, the decisive battle of the short-lived Spanish-American War. The rough riders stormed Kettle Hill, then joined in the capture of the San Juan Hill complex in Cuba. Find out more about these soldiers who captured the attention of the American public by visiting the Today in History section, … [Read more...]

Learning from the Source: Perspectives on U.S. Expansion

At the turn of the 20th century Admiral George Dewey, Pacific naval commander, became a veritable American hero for his role in the Spanish-American war. While United States foreign policy was focused on global expansion, not everyone believed it was a good idea. The Philippines, certainly, were not keen on U.S. imperialism and continued to fight for control of the country until 1902 (Spain "awarded" the Philippines to the United States for $20 million under the 1898 Treaty of Paris). Use the … [Read more...]

Today in History: George Dewey

Today in History–December 26–the Library of Congress features Commodore George Dewey, born on this day in 1837. Dewey was the Pacific naval commander when the U.S. declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. Less than a week later he became a national hero following the decisive and swift 6-hour destruction of the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay. Learn more about George Dewey by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access primary sources related to this … [Read more...]

Today in History: U.S. Declares War on Spain

Today in History–April 25–the Library of Congress features the Spanish-American War, declared on this date in 1898. Learn more about this short, decisive war by visiting the Today in History section and reviewing The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War, then click the links below to learn even more from primary sources. Spanish-American War primary source set The Spanish-American War in Motion Pictures Topical (chronological) title list of Spanish-American war motion … [Read more...]

Today in History: Spanish-American War

Today in History–February 15–the Library of Congress features the Spanish-American War, sparked on this date in 1898 when an explosion sank the battleship U.S.S. Maine in the Havana, Cuba harbor, killing 266 of the 354 crew members. Two months later, President William McKinley announced a state of war with Spain on April 25, 1898. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section and reviewing The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War, then click the links below to learn even more from … [Read more...]

Today in History: Puerto Rico

Today in History–October 18–the Library of Congress features Puerto Rico. On this date in 1898, American troops fighting in the Spanish-American War raised the United States flag in Puerto Rico formalizing U.S. control of this former Spanish colony. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section then click the links below to access more primary sources about this current U.S. commonwealth. Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War primary source collection Puerto Rico at the Dawn of … [Read more...]

Today in History: Guantánamo Bay

Today in History–June 10–the Library of Congress features Guantánamo Bay. On this day in 1898, U.S. Marines landed at Guantánamo Bay. For the next month, American troops fought a land war in Cuba that resulted in the end of Spanish colonial rule in the Western Hemisphere. Get more historical information by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access related primary sources. What can you learn from comparing images across the centuries? Guantánamo Bay image … [Read more...]