September 24, 2017

Today in History: Fort Necessity & the French and Indian War

Today in History–June 4–the Library of Congress features Fort Necessity near Uniontown, Pennsylvania. On this date in 1754, the young Colonel George Washington and his troops were hard at work constructing the makeshift stronghold to protect themselves from French aggression. Less than a month later, however, Washington and his troops were surrounded and forced to surrender to French troops on July 3, 1754. This military action marked the beginning of the French and Indian War, during … [Read more...]

Today in History: Jenny Lind

Today in History–September 11–the Library of Congress features soprano Jenny Lind, who made her American debut in New York City on this date in 1850. The concert was the first of a 93-stop American tour for the 19th-century singing sensation who sang opera as well as popular songs. Learn more about the "Swedish nightingale" by visiting the Today in History section and clicking the links below. Jenny Lind image set Jenny Lind sheet music Jenny Lind's prize song (sheet music & song … [Read more...]

Today in History: Tax Day

Today in History–April 15–the Library of Congress features tax day, the day on which income taxes are usually due each year. Although the United States raised revenue through taxes from the beginning—early taxes were levied on whiskey and tobacco—income tax was first levied from 1862-1872. It was again instituted in 1894 for a year before the Supreme Court ruled the congressional levy unconstitutional.  It would not be levied annually until after the passage of the 16th amendment in 1913. Learn … [Read more...]

Today in History: Julia Ward Howe

Today in History–January 28–the Library of Congress features Julia Ward Howe, who became the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters on this date in 1908. Howe and her husband were active in the abolitionist movement. Later, time spent with Union troops inspired Howe to write the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to the tune of the popular Union soldier marching song "John Brown's Body". Learn more about this author and activist by visting the Today in History section, then … [Read more...]

Today in History: Dartmouth College

Today in History–December 13–the Library of Congress features Dartmouth College, which obtained a royal charter on this day in 1769. One of the oldest colleges in the United States, this New Hampshire institution began humbly but is now considered one of the country's top universities. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the links to find more Dartmouth College primary sources. Dartmouth College image set Dartmouth College books & other texts George … [Read more...]

Today in History: Salmon P. Chase

Today in History–December 6–the Library of Congress features Salmon P. Chase, nominated as Supreme Court Chief Justice by President Abraham Lincoln on this day in 1864. Learn more about the architect of the first two clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment who also served as Governor of Ohio, a U.S. Senator, and Lincoln's secretary of the treasury, by visiting the Today in History section then check out the related resources below. Salmon P. Chase image set (includes numerous political … [Read more...]

Today in History: Martin Van Buren

Today in History–December 5–the Library of Congress features Martin Van Buren, born on this date in 1782. Learn more about our nation’s 8th president (1837-41), also known as "The Little Magician" and the "Red Fox of Kinderhook" for his skill in political manipulation,  by visiting the Today in History section then click the links below to access more stories and primary sources about Martin Van Buren. Primary sources Martin Van Buren inauguration primary source set Martin Van Buren … [Read more...]