May 29, 2017

Today in History: Fort Necessity & the French and Indian War

Today in History–June 4–the Library of Congress features Fort Necessity near Uniontown, Pennsylvania. On this date in 1754, the young Colonel George Washington and his troops were hard at work constructing the makeshift stronghold to protect themselves from French aggression. Less than a month later, however, Washington and his troops were surrounded and forced to surrender to French troops on July 3, 1754. This military action marked the beginning of the French and Indian War, during … [Read more...]

Today in History: Gifford Pinchot

Today in History–May 13–the Library of Congress features the opening day of the Governors' Conference on the Conservation of Natural Resources on this day in 1908. President Theodore Roosevelt delivered the stirring opening address but the conference was spearheaded by Chief Forester of the United States Gifford Pinchot. The conference helped put the spotlight on conservationism. Pinchot later went on to become Governor of Pennsylvania. Find out more about this forester and politician by … [Read more...]

Today in History: William Penn

Today in History–October 14–the Library of Congress features the religious and social reformer William Penn, born on this day in 1644.  Having no luck in his campaign for religious freedom for Quakers and others in England, Penn received an American land grant in payment of a debt owed his father. He named the colony Pennsylvania in honor of his father, promising freedom of worship for all settlers. Many of Penn's ideas helped lay the groundwork for the future United States. Learn more about … [Read more...]

Today in History: Valley Forge

Today in History–September 26–the Library of Congress features Valley Forge. On this day in 1777, the Continental Congress was forced to flee when British troops marched into the city of Philadelphia. The Continental Army under General George Washington spent the winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania while British troops held Philadelphia. Find out more about this difficult season during the American Revolution by visiting  the Today in History section, then click the links below to uncover … [Read more...]

Today in History: Alexander Calder

Today in History–July 22–the Library of Congress features artist Alexander Calder, born on this date in 1898 in Pennsylvania. Calder's mother was a painter and his father was a sculptor but Alexander began his career as a mechanical engineer. That early career choice served him well as an artist later when creating his first motor-driven sculptures, later dubbed "mobiles". Learn more by visiting the Today in History section, then clicking the links below. Alexander Calder born from America's … [Read more...]

Today in History: Anthracite Coal Strike

Today in History–October 3–the Library of Congress features the Anthracite coal strike. On this day in 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt met with miners and coalfield operators in an attempt to settle the five-month-old strike; he was the first U.S. president to intervene in a labor dispute. Roosevelt appointed a commission to help negotiate terms of a settlement, which they did. Just twenty days later, on October 23, 1902, the miners returned to work. Learn more about this and other coal miner … [Read more...]

Today in History: Carrie S. Burnham

Today in History–April 4–the Library of Congress features Carrie S. Burnham, who continued to present her arguments before the Pennsylvania Supreme Court on the right of women to vote on this day in 1873. Learn more about her appeal and the suffrage movement by visiting the Today in History section, then clicking the links below. The argument of Carrie S. Burnham before Chief Justice Reed, and Associate Justices Agnew, Sharswood and Mercur, of the Supreme court of Pennsylvania, in banc, on … [Read more...]

Today in History: Pennsylvania

Today in History–December 12–the Library of Congress features Pennsylvania, which became the second state to ratify the U.S Constitution on this day in 1787, thought it was not a unanimous decision. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the links below to learn more about the culture and history of Pennsylvania through the lens of primary sources. Pennsylvania stories from America’s Library Pennsylvania primary source set Pennsylvania maps Pennsylvania … [Read more...]

Today in History: Mathematician & Astronomer Benjamin Banneker

Today in History–November 9–the Library of Congress features mathematician and astronomer Benjamin Banneker, born on this day in 1731. This largely self-taught surveyor and scientist influenced how African Americans were viewed during the Federal period. Learn more about Banneker by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more primary sources and other resources related to Banneker, astronomy, and more. Benjamin Banneker's Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland … [Read more...]