June 23, 2017

Featured Source: El Mosquito Americano

Look closely at the illustration. What can you determine about this broadside from the art? What more do you learn from the summary of this primary source? Do you think the illustration supports the summary? Why or why not? Look at both the front and back of this broadside. How does each stanza end? Why do you think the creator might have chosen this pattern? Do you think this broadside literally refers to an insect invasion the United States? Why or why not? Learn more. What other … [Read more...]

Today in History: Cinco de Mayo

Today in History–May 5–the Library of Congress features Cinco de Mayo, celebrating May 5, 1862, when Mexican troops successfully defended the town of Puebla against French forces. In the spring of 1863, the city was recaptured by the French and a European was crowned Emperor of Mexico. Emperor Maximillian remained in power until 1867 when Napoleon III withdrew troops and abandoned Mexico. Today, Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico and is marked as a celebration of Mexican culture in … [Read more...]

Featured Image: Aztec Tonalpohualli Calendar

Description The Tovar Codex, attributed to the 16th-century Mexican Jesuit Juan de Tovar, contains detailed information about the rites and ceremonies of the Aztecs (also known as Mexica). The codex is illustrated with 51 full-page paintings in watercolor. Strongly influenced by pre-contact pictographic manuscripts, the paintings are of exceptional artistic quality. The manuscript is divided into three sections. The first section is a history of the travels of the Aztecs prior to the arrival of … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Immigration

Primary source sets Immigration: Challenges for New Americans (includes teacher guide) Mexican American Migrations and Communities (includes teacher guide) Immigration primary source iBook Immigration images Immigrants images The Emigrant's Guide by William Cobbett 1830 Advice and Guide to Emigrants by Patrick O'Kelly 1834 More immigration books & texts Historic newspaper coverage: immigration problem Historic newspaper coverage: immigration benefits … [Read more...]

Featured Source: Maya Dresden Codex

Compare and contrast this image with the other codex images included in the Heavens and Time section of the Exploring the Early Americas online exhibition. What similarities and differences do you notice? Investigate a codex-style vase. What did you learn? Describe a new insight you gained about the image above or another codex image. The Dresden Codex is the most comprehensive source of Maya astronomy and calendar systems. It includes tables for predicting events and scheduling religious … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: Mexico

Mexico country profile Mexico country study The Mexican Revolution and the United States 1910-1920 online exhibition Mexican primary sources from the World Digital Library Mexico maps Mexico images from American Memory More Mexico images Mexico films & webcasts Mexico songs (audio recordings) Mexico sheet music Mexico books & documents Select newspaper articles: Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) More U.S. historical newspaper coverage of Mexico … [Read more...]

Featured Image: Houston, Santa Anna, and Cos

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Today in History: Remembering the Alamo

Today in History–March 6–the Library of Congress remembers the Alamo, which was recaptured by Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna on this day in 1836. An estimated 1,000 to 1,600 Mexican soldiers died in the the 13-day siege and all 189 Texan defenders officially listed were killed. Learn more about the that spurred Texas forces to gain independence from Mexico a short time later by visiting the Today in History section. For more related primary sources, click the links below. Alamo … [Read more...]

Today in History: El Grito de Dolores – Mexican Independence Day

Today in History–September 16–the Library of Congress features El Grito de Dolores (Cry of Dolores), first heard on this day in 1810 when Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla urged the largely Indian and mestizo congregation of his small Dolores parish church to fight for Mexico's independence from Spain. Today, September 16, is celebrated as Mexican Independence Day. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more resources relating to Mexican … [Read more...]

Learning from the Source: Media & Migrant Laborer Perspectives

Voices from the Dust Bowl: The Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection is an online presentation of a multi-format ethnographic field collection documenting the everyday life of residents of Farm Security Administration (FSA) migrant work camps in central California in 1940 and 1941. Todd and Sonkin, both of the City College of New York, traveled to Arvin, Bakersfield, El Rio, Firebaugh, Porterville, Shafter, Thornton, Visalia, Westley, and Yuba City, California and recorded … [Read more...]