May 6, 2015

Today in History: Charles Darwin & Teaching Evolution

Darwin

Today in History–May 5–the Library of Congress features the controversy surrounding teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. On this date in 1925 John Scopes was arrested for teaching evolution in a Tennessee public  high schools. Originally conceived as both a test case and a publicity stunt, Scopes went to trial and was found guilty. Later, the Tennessee Supreme Court acquitted Scopes but upheld the law prohibiting the teaching of evolution. Learn more about this infamous trial by … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Rachel Carson

Carson testifying

Rachel Carson was a trained biologist and a best-selling author. In her writing, Carson presented scientific facts from an ecological perspective in a poetic writing style. She made science interesting and understandable to regular people. She was best known for her books Silent Spring and The Sea Around Us. Her writing about ecology and the dangers of pesticides was essential to the start of the environmental movement. Rachel Carson stories from America's Library Ecology for … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: Wales

Llanrwst, Wales

The Story of the Nations: Wales 1902 More books, articles and other texts about Wales Charles D. Cleveland to Abraham Lincoln, Thursday, February 05, 1863 (Sends sermon from Wales) Wales image set Sheet music related to Wales U.S. veteran oral histories (service in Wales) Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection interviews mentioning Wales U.S. historical newspaper coverage of Wales through 1922 Webcasts related to Wales Guide to Law Online: England and Wales Global … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Amelia Earhart

An outstanding picture of 1937 - tragedy

Amelia Earhart felt she was meant to fly. In 1932, she became the first woman to pilot a plane across the Atlantic Ocean and three years later, in 1935, she became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific from Hawaii to California. On July 2, 1937, towards the end of her round-the-world flight over the Pacific Ocean somewhere between New Guinea and Howland Island, Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan sent their last radio communication. The mystery of their disappearance has never been … [Read more...]

Today in History: United States Military Academy at West Point

West Point, United States Military Academy

Today in History–March 16–the Library of Congress features United States Military Academy at West Point, founded on this date in 1802. Located on the Hudson River north of New York City,  West Point is one of the world's oldest military service academies and was attended by many of the nation's leading military commanders.  The academy is well known for its high standards of discipline and scholarship, instituted early on by Colonel Sylvanus Thayer, superintendent at West Point from 1817 to … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

Ceylon

Sri Lanka was known as Ceylon prior to 1972. It has a long rich history. Prime Minister Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias was the world's first woman prime minister, serving three terms: 1960-65, 1970-77, and 1994-2000. Sri Lanka country study Sri Lanka - Places in the News April 2009 Sri Lanka timeline BBC Sri Lanka maps U.S. veteran oral histories (service in Sri Lanka) Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection interviews mentioning Sri Lanka Books, articles and other texts about Sri … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Helen Keller

Helen Keller, no. 8

Helen Keller from America's Library "Autumn" poem by Helen Keller, 27 October 1893 Hellen Keller correspondence The World I Live in by Helen Keller 1908 The Song of the Stone Wall by Helen Keller 1910 The Girl Who Found the Blue Bird: A Visit to Helen Keller by Georgette Leblanc 1914 Helen Keller historical newspaper coverage Legislation related to Helen Keller Helen Keller image set … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: Senegal

Message from Mister Leopold Sedar Senghor, President of the Republic, to the Senegalese People

Senegal primary sources from the World Digital Library Plan du Cap Verd 18th century map [Senegal] Historic U.S. newspaper coverage of Senegal Senegal reports & books Senegal mentions in the Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection Webcasts related to Senegal Leopold Sedar Senghor: Thinker, Statesman, Poet Mere-Bi: A Senegalese Celebration of Motherhood Peter Strickland: New London Shipmaster, Boston Merchant, First Consul to Senegal Senegal image set U.S. … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph and other civil rights leaders on their way to Congress during the March on Washington, 1963

A. Philip Randolph historical newspaper articles through 1922 “Plan Negro Labor Union – Socialists & Hebrew Trades Mean to Organize Them” New-York Tribune New York , N.Y., 07 July 1918 “I.W.W. Planned World Union of Marine Workers” The Evening World New York, N.Y., 17 July 1919 “South Carolina Representative Declares Race Antagonism Is Fostered Through Magazines” The Herald and NewsNewberry S.C., 29 Aug. 1919 “The Movements Among the Afro-Americans in New York City” The Broad Ax … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: Ronald Reagan

President Ronald Reagan at his desk in the Oval Office

Ronald Reagan first inauguration primary source set January 20, 1981 Ronald Reagan second inauguration primary source set January 21, 1985 Ronald Reagan mentions in the Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection Governor Ronald Reagan 1966 photograph Ronald Reagan image set Ronbo satirical photomontage Herblock painting McCarthy, Nixon, Reagan, and Clinton Herb Block on Ronald Reagan political cartoons More Ronald Reagan political cartoons by Herb Block "The Gods are … [Read more...]