August 29, 2014

Today in History: Gifford Pinchot

Who'll stand by him?

Today in History–May 13–the Library of Congress features the opening day of the Governors' Conference on the Conservation of Natural Resources on this day in 1908. President Theodore Roosevelt delivered the stirring opening address but the conference was spearheaded by Chief Forester of the United States Gifford Pinchot. The conference helped put the spotlight on conservationism. Pinchot later went on to become Governor of Pennsylvania. Find out more about this forester and politician by … [Read more...]

Today in History: John Peter Altgeld

Altgeld, John P., portrait photograph

Today in History–December 30–the Library of Congress features politician John Peter Altgeld, born on this day in 1847. A lawyer, Altgeld served as a city attorney and a county prosecutor before serving on the bench of Cook County's Superior Court from 1886 to 1891. In 1892 he was elected governor of Illinois. A progressive, Altgeld passed penal and legal system reforms, as well as early child and women’s labor legislation. He is most famous, though, for his June, 1893 pardon of three men … [Read more...]

Today in History: James F. Byrnes

James F. Byrnes 1916 newspaper advertisement

Today in History–May 2–the Library of Congress features politician James F. Byrnes, born on this date in 1882. Byrnes represented South Carolina in the House (1911-25) and Senate (1931-41) and was only defeated once, in 1924, for refusing endorsement by the Ku Klux Klan. Byrnes also served as a Supreme Court justice, U.S. secretary of state and Governor of South Carolina. Learn more about Time magazine's 1946 "Man of the Year" by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below … [Read more...]

Today in History: Salmon P. Chase

The Greenback, quick step

Today in History–December 6–the Library of Congress features Salmon P. Chase, nominated as Supreme Court Chief Justice by President Abraham Lincoln on this day in 1864. Learn more about the architect of the first two clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment who also served as Governor of Ohio, a U.S. Senator, and Lincoln's secretary of the treasury, by visiting the Today in History section then check out the related resources below. Salmon P. Chase image set (includes numerous political … [Read more...]