July 3, 2015

World Spotlight: France

Carte de France

Country Profile: France Creating French Culture: Treasures from the Bibliothèque nationale de France online exhibition France in America bilingual digital library site France Allied with American Colonies February 6, 1778 from America's Library France primary source set World Digital Library France maps France image set French image set Films related to France France mentions in the Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection French American life … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: Spain

Spain

Spain country study Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States, and the American Frontier bilingual digital library site Spain primary source set World Digital Library Spain maps Spain image set Spanish image set Torcuato Zamora: Flamenco Guitar with Dancers from Furia Flamenco streaming webcast Films Procession at Séville and bullfighting scenes Dogs used as smugglers On the coast of the Bay of Biscay, France Spain mentions in the Foreign Affairs Oral History … [Read more...]

Today in History: War of 1812

By the President of the United States of America, a proclamation

Today in History–June 18–the Library of Congress features the War of 1812. On this date in 1812 President James Madison signed a declaration of war against Great Britain. Reasons for the war included frustration with Britain's maritime practices and their support of Native American resistance to western expansion as well as a desire to conquer Canada. The war lingered on past 1812 and in August, 1814, British forces attacked Washington D.C., setting fire to many government buildings … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: India

India--Benares--Monkey Temple

India country profile: . . . extensive urbanization and trade appear to have begun in the Indus River Valley around 3000 B.C. with the Harappan civilization. From this period until the termination of British colonial rule in 1947, numerous empires ruled various portions of South Asia, often assimilating a rich array of peoples and each adding its own contribution to an increasingly rich tapestry of cultures, ideas, and technologies. India country profile India country study India - Places … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Lewis Carroll

The Lewis Carroll Scrapbook

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was a lecturer in mathematics at the University of Oxford and amateur photographer but he is better known by his pen name, Lewis Carroll (1832-1898). Charles Lutwidge Dodgson: A Chronology of His Life The Lewis Carroll Scrapbook 1855-1898 Lewis Carroll Lewis Carroll Biography Bio The life and letters of Lewis Carroll (Rev. C.L. Dodgson) 1899 Historic U.S. newspaper articles mentioning Lewis Carroll Rhyme? and reason? by Louis Carroll 1884 Alice's … [Read more...]

Today in History: Wild Bill Hickok

Life and marvelous adventures of Wild Bill, the scout

Today in History–May 27–the Library of Congress features James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok, born on this date in 1837 in Illinois. Hickok was involved in the Kansas free state movement and was a scout and spy for the Union during the Civil War. Later he held a number of positions in law enforcement. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more resources related to this legendary marksman. "Wild Bill" Hickok images Life and Marvelous … [Read more...]

Today in History: Johns Hopkins

Ceiling detail, the Johns Hopkins University seal, at the William H. Welch Medical Library, the library of the Johns Hopkins Hospital

Today in History–May 19–the Library of Congress features Johns Hopkins, born in Maryland on this date in 1795. Hopkins had to quit school at age 12 to work the family farm but he went on to become a very successful businessman. He used his fortune—$7 million at the time of his death—to found Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. Find out more about this this man and his legacy by visiting the Today in History section, then check out related primary … [Read more...]

Today in History: Charles Darwin & Teaching Evolution

Darwin

Today in History–May 5–the Library of Congress features the controversy surrounding teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. On this date in 1925 John Scopes was arrested for teaching evolution in a Tennessee public  high schools. Originally conceived as both a test case and a publicity stunt, Scopes went to trial and was found guilty. Later, the Tennessee Supreme Court acquitted Scopes but upheld the law prohibiting the teaching of evolution. Learn more about this infamous trial by … [Read more...]

Today in History: Manhattan Island

New York: a birdseye view from the harbor, showing Manhattan Island in its surroundings

Today in History–May 4–the Library of Congress features Manhattan Island. On this date in 1626, Dutch colonist Peter Minuit arrived on the wooded island at the behest of the Dutch West India Company. Minuit later "purchased" the island from resident Algonquin Indians for the equivalent of $24.  The town of New Amsterdam, located at the southern end of the island, was renamed New York City after it was seized by the British in 1664. Find out more about Manhattan Island by visiting the Today in … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Rachel Carson

Carson testifying

Rachel Carson was a trained biologist and a best-selling author. In her writing, Carson presented scientific facts from an ecological perspective in a poetic writing style. She made science interesting and understandable to regular people. She was best known for her books Silent Spring and The Sea Around Us. Her writing about ecology and the dangers of pesticides was essential to the start of the environmental movement. Rachel Carson stories from America's Library Ecology for … [Read more...]