July 22, 2017

Featured Source: America

Zoom into the selected section of the primary source shown above. Look closely at the details and answer the questions below. What do you see? What is happening in this scene? How do you feel when you look at this scene? What do you wonder about? Now look at the complete primary source and answer the questions below. What additional information do you gain from the text? What do you think the creator wanted you to think when looking at this scene? What do you think … [Read more...]

Primary Source Spotlight: Abolition

Abolition newspapers Anti-Slavery Bugle (weekly) New-Lisbon, Ohio 1845-1861 The Examiner (weekly) Louisville, Kentucky 1847-1849 Primary source collections Abolition primary source set (American Memory collections) History of American Abolitionism 1861 More abolition books & articles Songs Related to the Abolition of Slavery Library of Congress article Abolition sheet music Abolition images Abolition webcasts John Brown primary source collections Frederick … [Read more...]

Featured Source: Footrace, Pennsylvania Avenue

According to the summary of this political cartoon, who were the three candidates for president in 1844? What was the president's salary at this time? What is the president's salary now? According to the cartoon summary, who is the favored contender? What details in the cartoon—positioning, symbols, text labels—support this view? Use the Primary Source Nexus search box to find information about the candidates to learn who won the 1844 presidential election. What other observations, … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: James Buchanan

James Buchanan inauguration primary source set James Buchanan speeches Inaugural address March 4, 1857 First annual message to Congress December 8, 1857 Second annual message to Congress December 6, 1858 Third annual message to Congress December 19, 1859 Fourth annual message to Congress December 3, 1860 James Buchanan correspondence & court documents The agitation of slavery. Who commenced! And who can end it!! Buchanan and Fillmore compared from the record. 1856 … [Read more...]

Today in History: Woman’s Rights Conventions

Today in History–May 28–the Library of Congress features the Woman's Rights Convention, held in Akron, Ohio on this date and May 29 in 1851. Convention topics included common law, education and labor, including wage inequities. Find out more about the early efforts of women's rights advocates by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access primary sources related to the 1851 convention and those that preceded and followed. The proceedings of the Woman's Rights … [Read more...]

Today in History: Robert M.T. Hunter

Today in History–April 21–the Library of Congress features southern politician Robert M.T. Hunter, born on this date in 1809. Hunter represented his home state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives. He was the youngest Speaker of the House, serving from 1839 to 1841. From 1847 to 1861 Hunter served in the U.S. Senate. During the Civil War, he served as Confederate Secretary of State and in the Confederate Senate. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then follow the … [Read more...]

Today in History: Slave Auction

Today in History–March 3–the Library of Congress features the largest recorded slave auction in U.S. history, began on this date in 1859. Referred to as  "The Weeping Time", the two-day auction of 436 men, women, and children formerly held by Pierce M. Butler was held pay off Butler's financial losses from the crash of 1857-58 as well as his gambling debts. A journalist's account, What Became of the Slaves on a Georgia Plantation?, includes vivid descriptions of the auction and many of … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: Millard Fillmore

Millard Fillmore's messages to Congress Message to the Senate announcing the death of President Zachary Taylor  July 9, 1850 First Annual Message to Congress Second Annual Message to Congress Third Annual Message to Congress Documents The agitation of slavery. Who commenced! And who can end it!! Buchanan and Fillmore compared from the record. 1856 pamphlet "Read! Read!!" Being a reply to "a statement proving Millard Fillmore, the candidate of the Whig party for the … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: John Tyler

From America’s Library: Born: March 29, 1790 Died: January 18, 1862 John Tyler, 10th president of the United States, was called "His Accidency" by his foes because he was the first president to get the job without being elected to it. He took the helm when President Harrison died after only one month in office. Tyler had other "firsts" as president: His first wife was the first wife to die while her husband was still president, and he was the first president to marry while in … [Read more...]

Presidential Spotlight: Abraham Lincoln

From America’s Library: Born: February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky Died: April 15, 1865, assassinated at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Known for leading the country through the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. His eloquence is evident in many speeches including his most famous one, the Gettysburg Address. His second inaugural address, which includes the phrase, "With malice toward none; with charity for all..." is inscribed on one wall of … [Read more...]