November 23, 2014

Selecting Primary Sources: Tertiary, Secondary, Primary

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When conducting research, you will likely use three types of sources: primary, secondary, and tertiary. While exact definitions may vary by discipline or institution, we hope this post will help you sort out the main distinctions between these types of sources and when to use each in the research process for National History Day (NHD) and other research projects. When creating NHD or other research projects, you will use secondary and primary sources and, possibly, tertiary sources but your … [Read more...]

Today in History: The Gettysburg Address

Lincoln's address at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery

Today in History–November 19–the Library of Congress features the Gettysburg Address, delivered by Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery on this date in 1863. Edward Everett, a well-known orator, delivered a two-hour speech. President Abraham Lincoln’s speech lasted only a few minutes. As the Library notes, "In spite of Lincoln's disclaimer that 'the world will little note, nor long remember what we say here,' his brief speech continues to resonate in the American … [Read more...]

Featured Source: The Alaska Line

The Alaska Line

For each of the following questions, use specific details from the map to support your conclusions (zoom into this map online or download a larger image). Who created this map? How do you know? Why do you think this map was created? Who do you think the audience might have been when it was published in 1934? How many different transportation lines are represented on this map? How many different modes of transportation are represented? Choose two points (look for the red points and find the … [Read more...]

Today in History: Suez Canal

Suez Canal

Today in History–November 17–the Library of Congress features the Suez Canal, opened on this day in 1869. The waterway connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean. The longest canal in the world without locks, this heavily-traveled channel stretches 101 miles across Egypt's Isthmus of Suez. Find out more by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more primary sources related to the Suez Canal. U.S. Historical newspaper coverage of the Suez … [Read more...]

Using Sources: Citing Digitized Sources from the Library

Citing Cartoons - Chicago Style

The Library of Congress offers more than 20 million digitized primary sources available to researchers of all ages. When using these sources in learning projects, it is important to provide citations of the primary sources. Citing primary sources requires students to think carefully about the source—who created/published/distributed it, when was it created, and from where was it accessed. Citing sources ensures that full credit is given to the creators and publishers of sources and that others … [Read more...]

NHD 2015: Leadership & Legacy Topic Ideas – World War II & Beyond

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Every year National History Day puts together a list of sample topic ideas. TPS-Barat went through that list and selected a subset of those topic ideas to create curated collections highlighting Library of Congress resources. All topic ideas are related to the 2015 NHD theme: Leadership & Legacy in History but the set below focuses on themes related to the 1930s and beyond. Links to more NHD follow this resource list. The Veterans Administration: Leading the Fight for Veterans … [Read more...]

Today in History: Veterans Day

Armistice Day Tribute

Today in History–November 11–the Library of Congress features Veterans Day, first celebrated as Armistice Day on this date in 1919. Designated by President Woodrow Wilson on the date the Allied powers signed a ceasefire agreement with Germany, Armistice Day was designated Veterans Day in 1954 to honor veterans of all U.S. wars. Learn more by visiting the Today in History section and then clicking the links below to learn more about this celebration of veterans and from the experiences of those … [Read more...]

World Spotlight: Finland

The Russian cathedral and the harbor, Helsingfors, Russia, i.e., Helsinki, Finland

Finland country study Finland maps Finland image set Article: Finnish American Song Finnish song recordings Finland sheet music Conversation: [Finnish composer] Olli Kotekangas & Norman Scribner streaming webcast U.S. veteran oral histories (service in Finland) Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection interviews mentioning Finland Oral history of a Finnish American from Idaho Kalevala: Finnish National Epic Books, articles and other texts about Finland U.S. … [Read more...]

NHD 2015: Selecting a Topic for a History Project

selecting a NHD topic

The graphic above from the Chicago Metro History Education Center (CMHEC) is a great encapsulation of how to choose a topic for a history fair project. In addition, ask yourself the questions listed below. Does the topic relate to this year's National History Day (NHD) theme: Leadership & Legacy in History? (Remember, you need to address both leadership and legacy.) For Illinois students, does the topic relate to local or Illinois state history? Does the topic really interest … [Read more...]

Featured Source: East Coast of Florida Is Paradise Regained

The east coast of Florida is paradise regained

How does this source present the state of Florida? What details from the source support your response (see larger image)? Who is sponsoring this map? Why do you think so? What might that company hope to gain? Does the company still exist today? What more can you discover? Do a bit of research about the Spanish-American War, which was fought in 1898. How do you think this source might relate to the Spanish-American War? What other observations, reflections or questions does this source … [Read more...]