October 20, 2014

Connecting to the Common Core: Close Reading Markup Strategies

Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court
The plan today had been to post a CCSS-aligned primary source activity focused on close reading of images and texts but input from a great group of teachers at a professional development session necessitated a blog detour. So, instead, we’ll share a close reading markup strategy remix and resource list that TPS-Barat put together for another recent PD session. Keep in mind that close reading strategies can be used to dive deep into texts as well as a variety of other primary source types. What other strategies do you use?

Close reading markup strategies

  • Number each paragraph, excerpt, or area.
    (Consider dividing the text/source into sections or areas; mark each chunk with a rectangle.)
  • Circle unknown vocabulary.
    (You may do this for students or have them do it.)
  • Highlight key terms.
  • Underline (straight line) claims.
  • Underline (wavy line) evidence that supports a claim.
  • Mark ? next to a part of the text/source that is unclear or confusing.
  • Mark ?! next to a part of the text/source that raises questions or is thought provoking (i.e., makes you want to investigate further to learn more).
  • In the left margin (or using sticky notes, a digital comments tool, or a separate chart), summarize/rephrase author/creator claims.
  • In the right margin (or using sticky notes, a digital comments tool, or a separate chart), highlight author/creator purpose/intent (e.g., describing, explaining, comparing, contrasting, etc.).

Close reading resources

Keep It or Junk It: A Student-Run Lesson (video from the Teaching Channel)

Thinking Notes: A Strategy to Encourage Close Reading (video from the Teaching Channel)

Five close reading strategies to support the Common Core (blog post from iTeach. iCoach. iBlog.)

Common Core: Reading, Understanding & Analyzing Complex Texts (blog post from Catlin Tucker: Blended Learning and Technology in the Classroom)

Strategies for Close Reading and Critical Reflection (wiki page from Mark A. McCutcheon, Assistant Professor of Literary Studies, Athabasca University)

Related PSN Posts

Connecting to the Common Core: Analyzing Primary Source Images

Connecting to the Common Core: Image Questions & Responses

Connecting to the Common Core: Image Sequencing Activities

Connecting to the Common Core: Primary Source Investigations

Connecting to the Common Core: Primary Source Thinking Triangle Activity

Connecting to the Common Core: Purposeful Questions & Close Observation

Connecting to the Common Core: Writing Prompts & Activities

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